What is Speech Pathology?

By May 30, 2024 June 1st, 2024 Speech Pathology
Child with autism learning to talk in speech pathology session early intervention clinic in Bondi Junction Mascot Sydney

Speech pathology for children is a type of therapy that helps kids with speech and language problems. It focuses on improving how children communicate and understand others. Here’s a closer look at what speech pathology for children involves.

What Is Speech Pathology?

Speech pathology is a field of healthcare. It deals with speech, language, and communication issues. Professionals in this field are called speech pathologists or speech therapists.

Who Needs Speech Pathology?

Many children might need speech pathology. Here are some common reasons:

  • Speech Delays: Some children take longer to start talking than others.
  • Articulation Problems: Some children have trouble saying certain sounds or words correctly.
  • Language Disorders: Some children struggle with understanding or using words and sentences.
  • Stuttering: Some children have a hard time with the flow of speech, repeating sounds or words.
  • Voice Disorders: Some children might have problems with their voice, like sounding hoarse or losing their voice often.
  • Social Communication Issues: Some children have trouble using language in social situations, like taking turns in conversation or understanding body language.

What Do Speech Pathologists Do?

Speech Pathologists work with children to improve their communication skills. Here are some of the things they do:

  • Assessment: First, they evaluate the child’s speech and language skills. They might use tests, observe the child, and talk to parents and teachers.
  • Goal Setting: Based on the assessment, they set goals for the child. These goals are specific to each child’s needs.
  • Therapy Sessions: Speech Pathologists conduct therapy sessions with the child. These sessions include various activities and exercises to help improve speech and language skills.
  • Family Involvement: They involve the family in the therapy process. They might give parents activities to do at home with their child.
  • Monitoring Progress: They regularly check the child’s progress and adjust the therapy plan as needed.

Types of Therapy Activities

Speech pathologists use many activities to help children. Here are some examples:

  • Games: Games that involve speaking and listening can make therapy fun and engaging.
  • Storytelling: Telling stories helps children practice using sentences and expanding their vocabulary.
  • Picture Cards: Using pictures helps children learn new words and practice making sounds.
  • Role-Playing: Acting out different scenarios helps children improve their social communication skills.
  • Repetition and Practice: Repeating words and sounds helps children master them.

Why Is Speech Pathology Important?

Speech pathology is important for several reasons:

  • Communication: Good communication skills are essential for learning, socialising, and building relationships.
  • Confidence: Improving speech and language skills can boost a child’s confidence and self-esteem.
  • Academic Success: Children who can communicate well are more likely to succeed in school.
  • Social Skills: Effective communication helps children make friends and interact well with others.

When to Seek Help

Parents should consider seeking help if they notice:

  • Their child is not meeting speech and language milestones.
  • Their child is difficult to understand.
  • Their child’s speech or language skills seem to be regressing.
  • Their child is frustrated by their inability to communicate.

How to Find a Speech Pathologist

Finding a speech pathologist can be done through:

  • Paediatricians: Asking the child’s doctor for a referral.
  • Preschools and Schools: Ask for a recommendation
  • Online Searches: Looking up local speech pathologists or clinics.
  • Speech Pathology Australia


Speech pathology for children is a vital service that helps kids with speech and language difficulties. Through assessment, goal setting, therapy sessions, and family involvement, speech pathologists work to improve a child’s ability to communicate effectively. This therapy is crucial for a child’s overall development, helping them succeed academically, socially, and emotionally. If parents notice any speech or language concerns, seeking help from a speech pathologist can make a significant difference in their child’s life.

We’re here to support you

At OneOnOne Children’s Therapy, we believe that every child deserves the opportunity to grow and thrive.

Our clinics are not just a space for therapy – it’s a place where children can discover their strengths, overcome challenges, and reach their full potential.

By combining innovative therapy techniques with a stimulating and supportive environment, we’re proud to offer a holistic approach to paediatric therapy and early intervention that addresses the unique needs of each child we support.

Reach out for support

If you’re concerned about your child’s development or want to learn more about how Speech Pathology can help your child, OneOnOne Children’s Therapy is here to help.

Call our Bondi Junction and Mascot clinics on (02) 80657837 or email. You can book a free 30 minute phone call with us to discuss how we can support your child’s unique journey