Developing Self Care Skills

By March 1, 2024 July 2nd, 2024 Occupational Therapy
Young girl with autism doing self care skills with Occupational Therapist in Bondi Junction, Mascot, sydney

Empowering Children: How Occupational Therapists Help Autism and Developmental Delays Through Self-Care Skills


Occupational therapy (OT) plays a pivotal role in the lives of children with autism and developmental delays, focusing on enhancing their independence in essential self-care skills. From mastering daily routines to fostering personal growth, OT interventions are tailored to each child’s unique needs, making significant strides in their development.

Understanding Autism and Developmental Delays

Children with autism and developmental delays often face challenges in activities of daily living (ADLs), such as dressing, feeding, and toileting. These tasks require coordination, sensory processing, and motor skills—areas where OT excels in providing targeted support.

How Occupational Therapy Helps

1. Customised Assessments: Occupational therapists begin by assessing a child’s current abilities and challenges across various self-care tasks. This forms the foundation for personalised intervention plans.

2. Skill Development: Through structured activities and play-based interventions, OTs work on improving fine motor skills, sensory integration, and spatial awareness. For example, using specialised tools like weighted utensils for mealtime independence.

3. Sensory Integration Techniques: Many children with autism struggle with sensory processing. OTs use sensory integration techniques to help regulate sensory inputs, making tasks like dressing or grooming more manageable and less overwhelming.

4. Establishing Routines: Consistency is key in developing independence. OTs collaborate with families to create structured routines that support the child’s progress both at home and in other environments.

5. Adaptive Equipment and Strategies: OTs recommend and teach the use of adaptive equipment and strategies tailored to the child’s needs, such as visual schedules or modified clothing fasteners.

Benefits of Occupational Therapy

1. Improved Self-Esteem: Mastering self-care tasks boosts a child’s confidence and self-esteem, enhancing their willingness to engage in daily activities independently.

2. Enhanced Social Participation: As children become more self-sufficient, they often feel more comfortable participating in social interactions, leading to improved social skills.

3. Family Involvement: OT encourages active participation from parents and caregivers, empowering them with strategies to support their child’s progress beyond therapy sessions.

4. Holistic Development: Beyond specific skills, OT fosters holistic development by addressing sensory, motor, and cognitive aspects crucial for overall well-being.

Real-Life Success Stories

1. Case Study: Dressing Independence Emily, aged 8, struggled with dressing due to fine motor difficulties. With OT support, she learned step-by-step techniques and now dresses independently, boosting her confidence for school.

2. Case Study: Mealtime Mastery James, aged 6, had sensory aversions that made mealtime challenging. Through sensory integration techniques and adaptive utensils, he now enjoys mealtime with his family.

Call to Action

If your child with autism or developmental delays could benefit from gaining independence in self-care skills, consider consulting with an occupational therapist. Take the first step towards empowering your child’s journey to independence today.


Occupational therapy offers invaluable support to children with autism and developmental delays, helping them achieve greater independence in daily activities. By focusing on personalised interventions and empowering families, OT fosters not just skill development but also confidence and well-being.

About Us

At OneOnOne children’s Therapy, we specialise in empowering children with autism and developmental delays through personalised occupational therapy. Contact us today to learn how we can support your child’s journey to independence.